THE ROOTING REFLEX
A key to breast-feeding in all positions is to get the baby to turn her head toward your breast. To do this, simply stroke the baby's cheek nearest the breast with your finger. This triggers your baby's rooting reflex.
PROPER NIPPLE POSITION
Be certain the baby has a good grasp of the nipple as well as the areola (brown area around the nipple). NEVER allow the baby to suck on just the nipple! You can guide your breast into a good nursing position by holding your breast from below so that the nipple and areola don't get pulled out of your baby's mouth by the weight of the breast.
In all positions be sure that the baby's nose is not pressed into the breast so that she can't breathe. Also be sure that your baby's body is directly facing the breast.
The most common position is sitting with baby in your lap, with the baby's head in the crook of your arm. The baby's chest should be against your chest so that she doesn't have to turn her head to reach your nipple. Be sure the arm of the chair is at the right height to support your arm. Use pillows to support your back, your arm, and the baby's head. A footstool is also very helpful to elevate your feet.
2. Lying down
Breast-feeding when you are lying down is useful for night feeding. Lay on your side and place the baby on her side facing you, with her head at your breast. You may want to place a couple of pillows at your back for some extra support. Be sure that the baby's nose is not obstructed.
This position is restful for you; often both you and the baby will drift off to sleep after feeding. By adjusting your position slightly you can feed the baby from both breasts while lying on one side. (Make sure that you feed from both breasts. If you don't empty both breasts, you can get a plugged milk duct.)
3. Football hold
Hold your baby like a football along your forearm, with the baby's body on your arm and her face toward your breast. Use your other hand to support and position the baby's head.
The football hold is useful if you are prone to having plugged ducts (it empties the bottom ducts) or if you are lucky enough to be nursing twins!
NURSING AFTER HAVING A CESAREAN SECTION
The lying-down position may be more comfortable for breast-feeding after you have had a cesarean section. The hospital nurses will help you change from side to side.
If you nurse using the sitting position, put a pillow on your lap to protect the incision.
The football hold can also be used, since it keeps the baby from pressing on your incision.