Childproofing Your Home
One of the most important steps you can take to protect the health and life of your
child is to "childproof" your home. Perhaps the best way to do this is to take a
"baby's eye view"; crawling from room to room will help you spot the sharp
corners, uncovered electrical wall outlets and extension cords, hanging cords to lamps and
other appliances, and loose objects which might easily fall.
The following is a quick checklist for childproofing each room in your house. Remember,
however, that every child and home are different. Check your home carefully.
LEAVE YOUR BABY UNATTENDED!
CHILDPROOFING BABY'S ROOM
- Hang mobiles and dangling toys out of reach so that baby can't strangle on the
string. The string should be no more than 12 inches long.
- Diaper pails can be dangerous to curious babies: many have drowned in the soaking
pails. Keep the cover on the pail.
- The various baby powders and talcs can be dangerous. Never use them near a fan or
allow the baby to play with the container--he could choke on the dust.
- Do not put plants in baby's room if there is any chance baby could reach them.
- Store ointments, creams, safety pins and all other baby paraphernalia out of reach.
CHILDPROOFING THE KITCHEN
The kitchen is one of the more hazardous areas of the house, especially when you are
- Turn handles of all pots and pans to the back of the stove so that the baby can't
reach them. (The best way to avoid accidents is to keep your baby in his playpen or high
chair while you cook).
- Avoid using tablecloths that can be pulled down.
- Keep all appliances and their cords away from the edges of counters or table tops.
All cords should be coiled up and tied.
- Place safety latches on kitchen cupboards. If you have room, you can let your baby
have one cupboard of his own filled with pots, pans, and large plastic bowls.
- Cleaning products and all other toxic substances should be stored in a high cupboard
with a lock or safety latch. You can begin to teach a 1-year-old the dangers of toxic
substances by using MR. YUK stickers. For information on obtaining these stickers write
the Institute of Education Communications, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Desoto
Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213. Note: Some groups have expressed concern that children not
get dependent on the MR. YUK stickers because it is impossible to put them on every toxic
substance a child might find. Many parents take both approaches: they teach their child
NOT to play with any bottles in cupboards and also use MR. YUK stickers.
- Keep knives and all cutlery in a drawer or cupboard out of your baby's reach.
- Try to keep bits of food off the floor, especially food that your baby could choke
- If you drop a glass on the floor and it breaks, protect your crawling baby's hands
and knees by first vacuuming and then using a wet paper towel to get any remaining
- Whenever you are handling hot liquids, check to see where your baby is BEFORE you
pick up the tea kettle or pan. You do not want to trip and spill boiling water on your
- Teach baby from the very beginning that the stove is off limits whether it is off
- Jagged edges on boxes of aluminum foil or plastic wrap can cause cuts; keep them
out of reach.
CHILDPROOFING THE LIVING ROOM
- Plan on putting away all delicate, breakable, and valuable items from tables and
shelves until your baby is well past the curious/destructive stage (4 to 5 years old).
- Check the floor area daily for small objects that baby could choke on: pins, small
bits of food such as popcorn, peanuts, etc.
- Tables with sharp corners and edges can be protected with rubber corner guards.
- Bookcases are great attractions for young babies. Make sure they are fastened to the
wall so your baby can't pull a bookcase over on top of himself.
- Cover unused electrical outlets with plastic caps. You can also obtain boxes that
will cover outlets that are being used. Where possible, place furniture in front of
- Never leave extension cords plugged in where your baby can find and chew on them and
be seriously burned or shocked. Tape any excess cord down so baby won't be so interested.
- Heaters, whether electric space heaters or wood stoves, can present serious hazards
to a young baby. Make sure heaters are well ventilated and are protected by safety guards.
- Telephones are fascinating to curious babies--make sure the cords are out of reach,
so that the baby doesn't pull the phone down on his head. If you put the phone on the
floor, try putting a wide rubber band over the switch hook points so the phone line is not
on when the receiver is lifted. You can still receive calls while the baby plays, but you
won't have any unexpected long-distance phone bills.
CHILDPROOFING THE BATHROOM
The bathroom is especially dangerous because it usually contains medicines, drugs, and
other potential poisons.
- Keep all medicines and drugs in a locked cabinet out of your baby's reach. Aspirin
is one of the most common causes of childhood poisoning. Be careful to return all drugs to
the cabinet after you use them.
- Shampoo and soap should also be kept out of baby's reach.
- Hairdryers should always be kept unplugged to avoid electric shock if they should be
pulled or dropped into water.
- To avoid burns, lower the thermostat on your hot water heater to 120 degrees
Fahrenheit (48.9 degrees C). Always check water temperature before putting your baby into
the bath water or under a faucet.
- Your baby will find the wastebasket full of interesting things. Be aware of what you
throw away and put pills, razor blades, etc. in a special wastebasket that is out of
- Babies have drowned in toilet bowls--always leave the lid down. High rubber stops on
the lids will prevent his fingers from getting caught if he should happen to lift and then
drop the lid.
- A hook on the outside of the bathroom door or a plastic door knob cover may be
necessary to keep the door closed and the baby out of the bathroom.
- Use plastic or paper cups and containers in the bathroom so there is less chance of